Orthodontics is no longer just a matter for children and adolescents. More and more people find solutions to their dental, jaw, or facial problems in orthodontics
It is not just about aligning a pair of teeth because they are crooked and look ugly. Orthodontics goes further and seeks to correct problems in the bite, jaw, or face.
What is orthodontics?
The Spanish Society of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (SEDO) explains that orthodontics pursues normality in the patient, but does not achieve the ideal, that is, perfection.
At this early stage, an x-ray may reveal the need to place ‘space maintainers’ in children so that the permanent molars do not reduce the gap reserved for the permanent teeth when baby teeth fall out or alter the relationship between them. they must hold the teeth for a correct bite or occlusion.
It is also possible to correct problems generated by abnormal habits, such as thumb sucking, using a simple interceptive treatment, that is, to prevent any incipient anomaly from settling. When orthodontic measures are not put in place or they do not prevent a bad bite from developing, the solution is in the corrective treatment using functional, fixed, or removable appliances.
Who needs orthodontics?
Generally speaking, all those who have malocclusion of the teeth need orthodontics, since this anomaly can prevent proper chewing, proper cleaning of the teeth -with negative consequences for dental health, such as cavities, tooth loss, dental problems. gums or enamel wear – or even create insecurity or make sufferers feel self-conscious.
Malocclusions or bite problems can be inherited or the consequence of dental disease, early loss of baby teeth or permanent teeth, an accident or medical disorders, among other causes.
Misalignment of the bite is classified into:
Type I: although the jaws are correctly related, the teeth are advanced concerning the bone from which they are born. There may or may not be crowding of the teeth.
Type II: the upper jaw is displaced forward, with the teeth very advanced concerning its bone base.
Type III: the mandible has outgrown the upper jaw and causes a crossbite.
Orthodontics plays an important role in the prevention of oral pathologies such as tooth wear, worsening of existing dental malpositions, the appearance of joint and muscle pain, etc.
indeed, whether it is with invisible aligners (Invisalign), metal brackets, sapphire, or lingual brackets, the various treatments manage to correct almost all malocclusion problems.
Therefore, and without considering that there are very specific problems that require or contraindicate one of the orthodontic systems, we can say that the factors that determine the type of treatment best suited for adults are the economic factor and the aesthetic factor.
orthodontics for adults
If we want fast and aesthetic treatment, regardless of the variable price, the best option is undoubtedly Invisalign.
If we want a treatment with a more contained price, without evaluating the aesthetics, the best option is the metal support.