• Dental Practice

    What Is It, When Do We Need It, What Types Are There And How Much Does It Cost?

    What is Orthodontics:

    Orthodontics intervenes in cases in which there are abnormalities in the shape, position, or relationship and function of the teeth and jaws.

    Its main objective is to try and correct these flaws to keep the teeth in a healthy condition and with the good aspect or because the teeth in place inadequate hinder oral hygiene are likely to fall early, to suffer unusual wear, and cause tensions and pains in the muscles involved in chewing.

    For the treatment of all these defects, orthodontics uses and control different types of appliances, techniques, and forces that allow correcting the problems of the teeth, such as appliances (fixed and removable), which allow teeth to move, retrain muscles, or modify the growth of the jaws.

    Types of orthodontic appliances

    Orthodontic appliances can be divided into fixed and removable. Fixed appliances are those that are attached to the patient’s teeth, while removable ones are those that can be removed from the mouth to eat, sleep or brush teeth.

    Fixed appliances

    Brackets: they are made up of a system of bands, wires, and brackets, which are adjusted to exert gradual pressure on the teeth to bring them to their correct position.

    Special fixed appliances: These are used to control things like thumb sucking or the pressure of the tongue against the teeth.

    Space retainers: they allow to maintain the space left by a temporary tooth when it falls out while the permanent tooth comes out.

    Removable appliances

    Removable Aligners – Helps align teeth, but without metal wires or braces.

    Removable space retainers: allow to maintain the space between teeth.

    Appliances for the repositioning of the jaw: they are used to correct problems in the jaw joint, they are placed in the upper and lower jaw.

    Lip and cheek separators: they are used to keep lips and cheeks separated at an adequate distance.

    Palate expander: used to widen the arch of the upper jaw.

    Removable retainers: used on the roof of the mouth to prevent the teeth from moving back to their original positions.

    Facebook or cap prevents the growth of the upper jaw, retains the back teeth, and pulls back the anterior teeth.

    Who Needs Orthodontics?

    The need for orthodontic treatment can vary from person to person, what is a fact is that teeth in a good position and that bite correctly tend to last healthy for more years. These are some of the reasons for orthodontic treatment:

    To maintain spaces

    In the stage of milk tooth replacement, it is possible to help with orthodontic appliances to maintain or create spaces for the permanent teeth that are erupting.

    To align crowded or crooked teeth

    This in addition to improving the aesthetics of your smile will help you brush your teeth correctly avoiding problems caused by poor dental hygiene such as gingivitis or periodontitis. Properly aligned teeth can function properly and thus do not wear out.

    To avoid cavities

    Crooked or crowded teeth can be the perfect space for plaque and bacteria to be difficult to remove with daily dental hygiene, therefore, they are more prone to developing cavities.

    To bring the bite into a good position.

    A bite in a bad position causes abnormal wear on teeth, inefficient chewing, and deterioration in the jaw joint (temporomandibular joint), which joins both jaws. Orthodontic treatment can correct bite problems such as:

    Open bite: Bite in which there is a space between the upper front teeth and the lower front teeth, which makes them not close between them, but between the back teeth.

    Crossbite: One or more upper teeth close behind or outside the lower teeth.

    Increased overbite: The upper teeth completely cover the lower teeth when the bite is closed.

    Midline deviation: The center of the upper teeth does not coincide with the center of the lower teeth.

    Because your gums are retracting

    A bad tooth positioning causes the teeth to receive the forces incorrectly and this can unnecessarily overload the gums and bones that support the teeth and as a consequence of this overload the teeth wear out and the gums retract causing gingival recessions.

    To treat pain in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ)

    The TMJ is the joint that joins the two jaws, if our teeth are not in a good position or bite badly, they are likely to cause a bad position in the joint. The muscles will overwork to stabilize the joint and this can cause muscle, head, neck, and ear pain.

    Types of orthodontics

    Orthodontics seeks the balance of all the components of the chewing apparatus and achieves this by applying controlled forces on the teeth to place them in an optimal position. Depending on the purpose of the treatment, we could say that there are the following types of orthodontics:

    Interceptive orthodontics

    This type of orthodontics uses fixed and removable appliances that help maintain or alter the space between the teeth, directly affecting the bones, that is, the jaws, which support the teeth. Generally, they are devices that, by expanding little by little, help to bring the jaws into an adequate position, preventing crowding and other problems in the future with the permanent teeth.

  • Dental Practice

    What Is Orthodontics:

    The word, as such, comes from the Latin orthodontia, which derives from the Greek roots ὀρθο- (ortho-), which means ‘straight’ or ‘correct’, and ὀδούς, ὀδόντος (odoús, odóntos), which translates ‘tooth’.

    Orthodontics intervenes in cases in which there are abnormalities in the shape, position, or relationship and function of the teeth and jaws.

    Its main objective is to try and correct these flaws to keep the teeth in a healthy condition and with the good aspect or because the teeth in place inadequate hinder oral hygiene are likely to fall early, to suffer unusual wear, and cause tensions and pains in the muscles involved in chewing.

    Some of the most common conditions in orthodontics are overbite, underbite, crossbite, open bite, misplaced midline, spacing, crowding, among others.

    For the treatment of all these defects, orthodontics uses and control different types of appliances, techniques, and forces that allow correcting the problems of the teeth, such as appliances (fixed and removable), which allow teeth to move, retrain muscles, or modify the growth of the jaws.

    Lingual appliances are permanently mounted on the inner surface of the teeth (on the tongue side). It is a modern and invisible alternative to standard dental braces. The idea and technology of the cameras have been proven for over 40 years. The apparatus may consist of ready-made elements or it may be created individually for each patient in a foreign laboratory (Incognito system).

    Incognito appliances, unlike other language appliances, are individually designed appliances for a specific patient. It is invisible, easy to keep clean, and the only person who knows about it is the patient himself. Thanks to CAD / CAM computer technology, the device is made individually for the patient, which means that it is perfectly fitted to both orthodontic brackets and wires. Thanks to the low profile of the brackets and smaller parts of the camera, it is easier to get used to and the use of the camera is comfortable.

    Gold and iridium alloys are used in the production of the apparatus. Incognito is free of nickel, which is a particularly allergenic metal.

    Due to the specific technological process, the price of a lingual appliance is higher than that of traditional orthodontic appliances, but in return, we obtain full discretion and the highest quality of treatment. Lingual braces are available to everyone, regardless of age. It can cure all malocclusions, including cases of patients with retained teeth. An important condition before starting orthodontic treatment is the absence of periodontal disease, the absence of deciduous teeth, and a sufficient amount of the crown part of the tooth to stick the bracket.

    The process of creating the braces requires sending the impressions of your teeth to a laboratory in Germany, where, using modern computer programs, dental models are made, and then an individual language apparatus is created.

    Advantages of Incognito:

    serves to cure any malocclusion

    it is fully invisible

    it is non-allergenic, nickel-free, and easy to clean

    An individually designed apparatus allows shortening the treatment time.

  • Dental Services

    Orthodontics: Fashion Or Necessity?

    Orthodontics is no longer just a matter for children and adolescents. More and more people find solutions to their dental, jaw, or facial problems in orthodontics

    It is not just about aligning a pair of teeth because they are crooked and look ugly. Orthodontics goes further and seeks to correct problems in the bite, jaw, or face. 

    What is orthodontics?

    The Spanish Society of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (SEDO) explains that orthodontics pursues normality in the patient, but does not achieve the ideal, that is, perfection. 

    At this early stage, an x-ray may reveal the need to place ‘space maintainers’ in children so that the permanent molars do not reduce the gap reserved for the permanent teeth when baby teeth fall out or alter the relationship between them. they must hold the teeth for a correct bite or occlusion.

    It is also possible to correct problems generated by abnormal habits, such as thumb sucking, using a simple interceptive treatment, that is, to prevent any incipient anomaly from settling. When orthodontic measures are not put in place or they do not prevent a bad bite from developing, the solution is in the corrective treatment using functional, fixed, or removable appliances.

    Who needs orthodontics?

    Generally speaking, all those who have malocclusion of the teeth need orthodontics, since this anomaly can prevent proper chewing, proper cleaning of the teeth -with negative consequences for dental health, such as cavities, tooth loss, dental problems. gums or enamel wear – or even create insecurity or make sufferers feel self-conscious.

    Malocclusions or bite problems can be inherited or the consequence of dental disease, early loss of baby teeth or permanent teeth, an accident or medical disorders, among other causes.  

    Misalignment of the bite is classified into:

    Type I: although the jaws are correctly related, the teeth are advanced concerning the bone from which they are born. There may or may not be crowding of the teeth.

    Type II: the upper jaw is displaced forward, with the teeth very advanced concerning its bone base.

    Type III: the mandible has outgrown the upper jaw and causes a crossbite.

    Orthodontics plays an important role in the prevention of oral pathologies such as tooth wear, worsening of existing dental malpositions, the appearance of joint and muscle pain, etc.

    indeed, whether it is with invisible aligners (Invisalign), metal brackets, sapphire, or lingual brackets, the various treatments manage to correct almost all malocclusion problems.

    Therefore, and without considering that there are very specific problems that require or contraindicate one of the orthodontic systems, we can say that the factors that determine the type of treatment best suited for adults are the economic factor and the aesthetic factor.

     orthodontics for adults 

    If we want fast and aesthetic treatment, regardless of the variable price, the best option is undoubtedly Invisalign.

    If we want a treatment with a more contained price, without evaluating the aesthetics, the best option is the metal support.

  • Dental Services


    The objective of orthodontics is the mobility of the teeth seeking their occlusal normalization (the chewing surface), or the displacement of the entire dental set (dental arch), especially to correct functional disorders of chewing. Occlusion is based on the contact relationships that exist between the teeth of the different arches (that is, between the upper and lower teeth).

    Corrective treatment is primarily aimed at correcting a consolidated malocclusion.

     Three types of devices are used for this type of treatment:

    a) Functional devices

    When we speak of functional apparatus we refer to a variety of removable appliances designed to alter the position of the different muscle groups that influence the function and position of the jaw to increase its length. They are generally recommended during primary or mixed dentition. They are devices that initially only carry out functional modifications, but that later lead to structural changes. Functional appliances change and transform the direction and intensity of muscular forces and produce dental displacements. The effects of these appliances are the inclination of the teeth and changes in the bone that supports the teeth.

     b) Removable appliances

    They are the appliances that the patient can remove to clean, but when they are placed they are firmly attached to the teeth. These appliances apply controlled pressure to the teeth to be displaced through the action of active mechanical elements, such as springs, arches, screws, etc. These forces are, in their totality, artificial or mechanical, and act directly by displacing the teeth, without having anything in common with the forces created by the action of the muscles, which participate in the functions of chewing, swallowing, and phonation, among others.

    The removable appliances, commonly known as “plates”, are very useful for the expansion of the jaws, especially the upper one, especially for the correction of “crossbites” and slight crowding, when this? expansion is indicated, as well as for very specific tooth movements.

     c) Fixed appliances (brackets)

    It is orthodontics formed by the combination of brackets, metallic or ceramic elements glued to the teeth, and metal arches that cross them. 

    Brackets can be visible, like metallic ones, or aesthetic ones like ceramic ones that are translucent or transparent and stick to the outer surface of the teeth taking their color. 

    Orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances may be associated with increased gingival inflammation and gum bleeding, among other conditions, since oral hygiene is more complicated to perform (especially the interproximal areas), so people who are going to start orthodontic treatment must have a good periodontal condition and continuous monitoring throughout the treatment.

    During orthodontic treatment, it is essential to pay special attention to oral health, carrying out a correct brushing of teeth and appliances with specific products for orthodontic wearers.

  • Dental Care

    What Are The Activities Of An Orthodontist?

    The main activities of an orthodontist are to make a diagnosis and develop and implement a treatment plan. Long before, as part of the diagnostic process, examinations and an orthodontic assessment may be necessary to identify the most suitable treatment.

    During a consultation, the orthodontist subjects you to questions relating to your medical history (disease, heredity, evolution). He can then give you a medical and dental questionnaire to get to know you better, to make a global diagnosis, and to better adapt the treatment. After the anamnesis, he performs a clinical examination (morphological and functional) of the dentition, dental arches, muscle masses (tongue, lips, etc.) to look for imbalances before proceeding to additional examinations.

    The diagnosis can be made from the physical examination. But an orthodontic assessment may require additional examinations. These additional examinations include, among others:

    A panoramic X-ray which allows us to carry out a dental assessment, to study all the teeth, jaws, bone structures (temporomandibular joint), and to detect the absence of one or more teeth;

    The teleradiography of the cranium (face and profile) allows us to have a view of the whole of the dentition and the jaws to carry out an analysis of the skeletal balance, to detect any dental anomalies;

    Cephalometry allows us, through the application of measurements on X-ray documents of the skull, to evaluate the teeth, the reciprocal relationships between the skeletal anomalies of the face, and the positioning defects of the teeth, to make the diagnosis of a disharmony. dento-maxilla;

    Taking impressions for the production of study casts: it is a plaster representation of the patient’s dental impression. It allows us to study the relationships between teeth, detect all dental and skeletal abnormalities and develop the appropriate strategy to achieve dental alignment.

    The information gathered through these various examinations makes it possible to establish a balance sheet and to consider treatment options.

    The orthodontist’s activity also consists of solving the problem (s) detected through the development and implementation of a treatment plan. To better apply the treatment strategy, the orthodontist will use the most effective techniques. To do this, he will opt for an apparatus to exert a force on one or more to move them and reposition them until the desired result is obtained: perfect alignment and balance. harmonious dental.

    Thus, to promote the harmonious growth of the jaws and influence the position of the teeth, the use of devices makes it possible to exert a slight pressure on the teeth and the jawbones. There are different types of devices, including:

    fixed or removable restraints;

    multi-attachment braces;

    dental expansion appliances;

    functional dental appliances;

    space maintainers;

    extraoral strength;

    As part of orthodontic treatment, corrective appliances are designed to correct misaligned or too advanced teeth by moving them to different positions. The orthodontist establishes a descriptive estimate for the development of these devices, in the laboratory, by dental technicians. After conception, he puts them in place and periodically adjusts them, while monitoring their effectiveness.

    We can consult an orthodontist for a problem relating to the tooth, the orofacial functions, the bone structures of the face. Thus, a dentist or a general practitioner can refer us to an orthodontic specialist, if he considers that orthodontic treatment is better indicated for use for a better alignment of the teeth, a correction of the position of the jaws. or to improve the aesthetics of the face and/or the smile. The reasons for which we can seek an orthodontist can be, among others:

    problems with one or more teeth overlapping;

    problems with overcrowding of the teeth or a lack of space for all the teeth (dental crowding);

    problems related to the existence of space between the teeth (tooth spacing or spaced dentition);

    poor positioning of the maxillary and mandibular teeth;

    aesthetic and functional optimization of dental arches;

    deformities of the jaw and palate, resulting from thumb sucking in children;

    an evolution of the incisors in the wrong axis;

    problems with upper incisors that hide the lower incisors;

    open bite, lack of contact between the teeth of opposing dental arches, or the prevalence of an opening between the lower and upper teeth;

    problems with inserting the upper teeth inside the lower ones;

    mutilated dentition with the absence of certain teeth;

    a growth problem in the jaws or growth delays in the jawbones;

    reverse meshing of the upper and lower teeth;

    Lower teeth advancement or too advanced chin / Excessive advancement of upper teeth and receding ch

    Orthodontics will offer you a harmonious smile and regain self-confidence, but above all, it will solve all functional problems!

    This means that your upper teeth will ideally match your lower teeth. This ideal will facilitate both chewing and speaking and will help you maintain good oral hygiene.

  • Dental Care

    What Does Orthodontics Mean?

    The word orthodontist, which could make one think of a specialist in a medical field, does not exist. No specialist doctor is referred to by this term, let alone a specialist dentist. On the other hand, a dentist specializing in orthodontics is called an orthodontist.

    Orthodontics is a medical (dental) specialty that studies the shape, position, and function of the dental arches and jaws and treats disorders related to abnormalities in the shape of the jaws and the position of the teeth for functional and aesthetic purposes. . The orthodontist is, therefore, a dentist who specializes in this branch of dental surgery.

    A dental surgeon, commonly referred to as a dentist, is a dental specialist. He is authorized to practice odontology (the study of the tooth, dental pathologies, and their treatments) or maybe a specialist in orthodontics. We do this by hearing patients use the term “orthodontist” to qualify a specialist in dental surgery. However, this term does not correspond to any specialist in the medical field. Some patients prefer to use “orthodontist”, a word in which appears the term dentist (formed of the name “tooth” and the suffix “site”), associated with a prefix drawn from the Greek “ortho”. But, the correct term is orthodontist and orthodontist.

    An orthodontist is a specialist in orthodontics. Etymologically, the term orthodontics comes from the Greek “ortho” which means “right” and “odontos” which means “tooth”. Thus, the term orthodontic from which some patients want to form the word “orthodontist” does not exist. No specialist in “orthodontics” could call himself an orthodontist. Thus, there is often confusion between the two words. But we should rather use the term orthodontist and not “orthodontist”.

    An orthodontist is a dentist or dental surgeon specializing in orthodontics. He is a dentist specializing in correcting the position of teeth and jaws to improve their appearance and function. It treats orthodontic problems, in particular, dental malocclusion, which refers to an abnormal alignment of the upper teeth about the lower teeth. He deals with the prevention and correction of malocclusions.

    It is very simple, for two reasons: on the one hand, the obligatory use of the mask makes it possible to hide the traditional orthodontic systems, and, on the other hand, there are currently systems of dental alignment imperceptible to the others.

    Indeed, if what you want is that nobody knows that you are undergoing a dental correction treatment, you can opt for the Invisalign transparent aligner system, while if you want to be able to correct your teeth with traditional braces and effective metallic, but you do not want to wear a calm, metallic smile, as few will see your mouth because, eventually, you will have to wear a mask during the entire treatment.

    of course, what is most desirable in orthodontics are the results: a beautiful smile. However, that beautiful smile is not the only thing we improve with orthodontics. Let’s see:

    Perfect dental occlusion, leading to long-term functional improvements.

    Better preservation of teeth by avoiding wear resulting from malocclusion.

    Improvements in dental hygiene, as properly aligned teeth facilitate daily hygiene and thus improve oral health.

    Orthodontics is a branch of specialist dentistry. The term “orthodontics” can be broken down into two Greek words – meaning right “orthos” or meaning teeth rectify and “donations”. Orthodontics, therefore, describes the practice of straightening bad teeth or malocclusions. Dentists who specialize in orthodontics can help manage abnormal positioning of the teeth, jawbones, and face

    Orthodontics has additional benefits above to improve the cosmetic appearance. The benefits of opting to straighten teeth include:

    Self-esteem improvement

    Improved tooth function including better chewing and clearer pronunciation and speech

    Reduced risk of injury and gum trauma due to incisal overlaps and malocclusions

    The orthodontist is a highly qualified expert who can easily and effectively treat and correct oral and facial malformations. This expertise is not limited to the art of tightening, spreading, advancing, retreating, or correcting malpositioned teeth to obtain a correct alignment thereof. It makes it possible to treat not only malocclusions but also mandibular deviations.